The design and practical implementation of a six-phase induction motor

  • Samuel E. Iduh University of Benin.
  • Silas E. Omugbe University of Benin
Keywords: Electric vehicles, Electrical machines, Induction motor, Single layer winding


This thesis presents a re-designed conventional three phase 5-hp squirrel cage, 4-pole, 48 slots induction motor to a six-phase induction motor (SPIM). It also presents the in-depth of a single layer winding of a three-phase motor that was re-design to the six-phase split winding layout which was practically explained to the understanding of both the engineers and the technicians who normally find it difficult with windings of electrical machines. The optimized re-designed SPIM is presented in the MATLAB/Simulink environment to perform a comparative assessment of the different phase loss scenarios of the six-phase configuration with respect to the six-phase healthy case and its conventional three-phase induction motor. The result shows a comparative benefit of the six-phase induction motor over the three-phase induction motor; in such that in the near future because of its effective way to provide a higher reliability and sustainability under the loss of phase/phases condition it will be practically applied in the power driven devices/machines like in the area of Electric Vehicles, etc.


Download data is not yet available.


Aher, K. S., and Thosar, A. G. (2016). Modeling and Simulation of Five Phase Induction Motor using MATLAB/Simulink" Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, 6(5: part 7): 1-8

Amayo, E. B. (2015). Multi objective multi algorithm optimal design of an m-phase induction motor, A Ph.D. Seminar Presented to the Department of Electrical Electronic, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria.

Benoît, R., Francois, B., Degobert, P., & Hautier, J. P. (2012). Dynamic modeling of induction machines, Vector Control of Induction Machines, 35-74.

Bojoi I. R., Tenconi, A., Griva, G., & Profumo, F. (2005). Vector control of dual-three phase induction motor drives using two current sensors, IEEE Industry Application Society Conference, Hong Kong, China, 2nd -6th October, 1805-1812.

Dakoju, S. (2016). Dynamic modeling of six phase induction motor, MATLAB Central File Exchange. Retrieved from, (August 1, 2016).

Dejan, D. R., Ostojic, D. B., & Vasic, V. V. (2006). Simple speed sensor less control of induction motor drive, Sixth International Symposium Nikola Tesla, Belgrade, Serbia, 18th – 20th, October, 2006.

Gregor, R., Barrero, F., Toral, S., & Durán, M. J. (2008). Realization of an asynchronous six-phase induction motor drive test-rig, International Conference on Renewable Energies and Power Quality, 12 – 14 March, Santander, Spain.

Hadiouche, D., Razik, H., and Rezzoug, A. (2000). Modeling of a double-star induction motor with an arbitrary shift angle between its three phase windings. Proceedings of 9th International Conference on Power Electronics and Motion Control PEMC, Kosice, Slovakia, pp. 5.125–5.130

Hamdani, S., Touhami, O., & Ibtiouen, R. (2008). a generalized two axes model of a squirrel-cage induction motor for rotor fault diagnosis, Serbian Journal of Electrical Engineering, 5(1): 155-170.

Jimoh, A. A., Appiah, E. K., & Ogunjuyigbe, A. S. O. (2014). Modeling and analysis of higher phase order (hpo) squirrel cage induction machine, Matlab applications for the practical engineer, Kelly Bennett, IntechOpen, doi: 10.5772/57468

Jones, M., Vukosavic, S. N., Emil Levi, E., & Iqbal, A. (2005). A six phase series connected two motor drive with decoupled dynamic control, IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 41(4):1056-1066.

Kadaba, A. A. (2008). Design and modeling of a reversible 3-phase to 6-phase induction motor for improved survivability under faulty conditions, M.Sc. thesis, Marquette University, Milwaukee, United States.

Kadaba, A., Suo, S., Sizov, G. Y., Yeh, C., Sayed-Ahmed, A., & Demerdash, N. A. O. (2011). Design and modeling of a reversible 3-phase to 6-phase induction motor for improved survivability, 2011 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, Detroit, MI, USA, pp. 1-5, doi: 10.1109/PES.2011.6039812.

Kaneyuki, K., & Koyama, M. (1997). Motor-drive control technology for electric vehicles, Mitsubishi Electric Advance -Technical Report.

Karady, G. G., and Holbert, K. E. (2013). Induction Machines, in Electrical Energy Conversion and Transport: an Interactive Computer-Based Approach, second edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc pp. 541-615.

Krishna, K., Mahopatra, Kanchan, R. S., Baiju, M. R., Tekwani, P. N., & Gopakumar, K. (2005). Independent field oriented control of two split phase induction motors from a single six phase inverter, IEEE Transaction on Industrial Electronics, 52(5):1372-1382.

Levi, E. (2006). Recent developments in high performance variable-speed multiphase induction motor drives, Sixth International Symposium Nikola Tesla, Belgrade, Serbia. 18th – 20th October,

Levi, E., Bojoi, R., Profumo, F., Toliyat, H. A., & Williamson, S. (2007). Multiphase induction motor drives – a technology status review,” IET Electr. Power Appl., 1(4): 489–516.

Lipo, T. A. (1980). A d–q model for six-phase induction machine, in: proceedings on International Conference, Electric Machines, Athens, Greece, pp. 860–867.

Lyra, R. O. C., & Lipo, T. A. (2002). Torque density improvement in a six-phase induction motor with third harmonic current injection, IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 38(5): 1351-1360.

Mandal, S. (2015). Performance analysis of six-phase induction motor, International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology, 4(2):589-593.

Markadeh, G. R. A., Soltani, J., Abjadi, N. R., & Hajian, M. (2009). Sensor less control of a six-phase induction motors drive using foc in stator flux reference frame, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 58, 890–896.

Miranda, R. S., & Gomes, E. C. (2012). Analysis and modeling of six-phase induction motor under open phase fault condition, Electrical and Electronics Department, Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology - IFMA São Luis, Maranhão, Brasil

Mohapatra, K. K., Gopakumar, K., Somasekhar, V. T., and Umanand, L. (2002). A novel scheme for six phase induction motor with open end windings. In p28th Annual Conference of IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, Spain, 5th - 8th November, 2002

Nanoty, A., & Chudasama, A. R. (2012). Control of designed developed six phase induction motor, International Journal of Electromagnetics and Applications, 2(5): 77-84

Nelson, R. H., & Krause, P. C. (1974). Induction machine analysis for arbitrary displacement between multiple winding sets, IEEE Transaction on power Apparatus and Systems, 93, 841–848.

Nelson, R. H., Lipo, T. A. & Krause, P. C. (1969). Stability analysis of a symmetrical induction machine” IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, Vol. 88, No. 1, 1969.

Okundamiya, M. S. (2015). Modelling and optimization of a hybrid energy system for GSM base transceiver station sites in emerging cities, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria.

Perng, S-S., Lai, Y-S., & Liu, C-H. (1998). Sensorless vector controller for induction motor drives with parameter identification, Proceedings of the 24th Annual conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, August 31 –September 4, Aachen, Germany. pp. 1008–1013.

Romeral, L. (2002). Motion control for electric drives, XVI Journal of Conference in Electronics Engineering, November, Terrasa, Spain, 26-30.

Sawhney, A. K. (2001). Electrical Machine Design, Dhanpat Rai & Co (P) Ltd, Delhi.

Shah, S., Rashid, A., & Bhatti, M. K. L. (2010). Direct quadrate (d-q) modeling of 3-phase induction motor using matlab/simulink, COMSATS Institute of Information and Technology, Abbottabad, Pakistan.

Shi, K. L., Chan, T. F., Wong, Y. K., & Ho, S. L. (1999). Modeling and simulation of the three phase induction motor using simulink, International Journal of Electrical Engineering Education, 36, 163 - 172.

Singh, G. K. (2002). Multiphase Induction Machine drive research, Electric Power System Research, 61, 139-147.

Singh, G. K., & Lim, S. K. (2005). A simple indirect field-oriented control scheme for multiphase induction machine, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 52(4): 1177-1184

Taheri, A. (2013). Efficiency optimization of six-phase induction motors by fuzzy controller, Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran.

Tir, Z., Malik, O. P., & Eltamaly, A. M. (2016). Fuzzy logic based speed control of indirect field oriented controlled double-star induction motors connected in parallel to a single six-phase inverter supply, Electric power system research, 134, 126-133.

Toliyat, H. A. (1996). Analysis and simulation of multi-phase variable speed induction motor drives under asymmetrical connections, APEC '96, 3-7 March, 2, 586 -592.

Tuo, C. (2012). Analysis on the Mathematical Model of the Six-Phase Induction Motor of the Electric Vehicle Pages 303-310 in Future intelligent information systems, Dehuai Zheng, D. (ed.), 1, Springer, Berlin, Germany

White, D. C., and Woodson, H. H. (1959), Electrome-chanical energyconversion, John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY.

Yadav, K. B., Mohanty, A. K., & Kumar, P. (2014). Recent research trend on multi-phase induction motor, Department of Electrical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Jamshedpur, India, 580-586.

Zhao, Y., & Lipo, T. A. (1995). Space vector PWM control of dual three phase induction machine using vector space decomposition”, IEEE Trans. IA-31(5): 1100–1109.

Zhao, Y., & Lipo, T. A. (1996). Modeling and control of multi-phase induction machine with structural unbalance, part I, machine modeling and multi-dimensional current regulation, IEEE Trans. Energy Conversion EC-11(3): 570–577.

How to Cite
Iduh, S. E., & Omugbe , S. E. (2020). The design and practical implementation of a six-phase induction motor. Journal of Advances in Science and Engineering, 3(1), 1-77.